World Water Day (WWD) is celebrated on 22 March every year to focus attention on the importance of freshwater and advocating for the sustainable management of freshwater resources. The United Nations General Assembly initiated this response on 22 March 1993 as the first World Water Day.
When we neglect our ecosystem, it results into environmental damage and climate change. Degradation of vegetation, soil, rivers and lakes due to these changes further leads to floods, drought and water pollution.
The theme for WWD, 2019 is, “Leaving no one behind”.
This theme is a refabrication of 2030 agenda for Sustainable Development Goal 6(SDG 6). This goal focuses on the water availability without depriving anyone.
People without safe water are struggling to survive in today’s world. Women, children, refugees, indigenous and disabled get unnoticed and discriminated for accessing safe water.
Safe water- it is simplified manner for ‘safely managed drinking water service’ water that is purified (free from contamination), accessible on the premises and available when needed.
Having safe water is a basic human right which must be sufficiently available, accessible, affordable for personal and domestic use to everyone. This is important for public health and hence, crucial for a developed, stable and prosperous world.
To ‘Leave no one behind’, the emphasis must be towards including marginalized and ignored people. Laws and regulations must recognize the right to water for all which is possible when sufficient funds are fairly and effectively aimed at those who need it the most.
Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT)*: It is an initiative of Ministry of Housing and Urban affairs with the mission to focus on water supply, sewerage facilities, storm water drains to reduce flooding, creating and upgrading green spaces and other facilities in the urban areas.
Central Water Commission** acts to promote integrated and sustainable development and management of India's water resources by using state-of-art technology and competency with coordinating all stake holders.