World Kidney Day (WKD) is celebrated every year on the second Thursday of March. It is the global awareness campaign to raise awareness of the importance of kidneys to our health and to reduce the impact of kidney disease and its associated health problems worldwide. 1 in 10 people is affected by kidney disease globally.
World Kidney Day is a joint initiative of the International Society of Nephrology (ISN) and the International Federation of Kidney Foundations (IFKF).
World Kidney Day is being celebrated on Thursday March 14, 2019 this year with the theme “Kidney Health for Everyone Everywhere”.
WKD 2019 theme calls for universal health coverage (UHC) for prevention and early treatment of kidney disease by ensuring universal, sustainable and equitable access to essential healthcare. It advocates for concrete measures in every country to improve kidney care:
Kidney disease burden:
Challenges to kidney health:
Despite the growing burden of kidney diseases worldwide, kidney health disparity and inequity are still widespread. Transplantation has high set up costs with regards to infrastructure and requires highly specialized teams, availability of organ donors and cannot be done without dialysis backup. Physical and legal infrastructure requirements and cultural bias against organ donation often present barriers in many countries, making dialysis the default option.]
What is Chronic Kidney Disease?
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a progressive loss in kidney function over a period of months or years. When kidney function falls below a certain point it is called kidney failure and untreated kidney failure can be life-threatening which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to maintain life. Chronic kidney disease may be caused by diabetes, high blood pressure and other disorders. Early detection and treatment can often keep chronic kidney disease from getting worse. CKD and AKI often arise from the social conditions such as poverty, gender discrimination, lack of education, occupational hazards and pollution among others.
You should know:
Pradhan Mantri National Dialysis Programme*:
National Dialysis Programme under National Health mission is an initiative of Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India. It was rolled out in 2016 with involvement of public private partnership (PPP Mode) at District Hospitals. The objective of this programme is to provide important life-saving procedure close to the community and also for reducing impoverishment on account of out of pocket expenditure for patients.