Sunstroke & Summer Emergencies


 Follow these to avoid the sunstroke & emergencies due to summer heat:

  • Wear lightweight, light-coloured, loose-fitting clothing, and a wide-brimmed hat.
  • Use a sunscreen, which is suitable for your skin.
  • Drink extra fluids. To prevent dehydration, it's generally recommended to plenty of water, fruit juice, or vegetable juice. It may be advisable to substitute an electrolyte-rich sports drink for water during periods of extreme heat and humidity.
  • Monitoring the colour of your urine. Darker urine is a sign of dehydration. Be sure to drink enough fluids to maintain very light-coloured urine.
  • Take additional precautions when exercising or working outdoors. During exercise, you should consume another 8 ounces (at least two glasses) of water every 20 minutes, even if you don't feel thirsty.
  • If possible, avoid direct sun exposure. Stay in cool area “preferably during the hottest part of the day
  • Avoid fluids containing caffeine or alcohol, because both substances can make you lose more fluids and worsen heat-related illness.
  • At home, draw your curtains, shades, or blinds during the hottest part of the day, and open windows at night on two sides of your building to create cross-ventilation.
  • Never leave a child in a closed, parked vehicle, not even for a minute.
  • Make sure babies and children drink plenty of fluids.
  • Avoid bundling infants in heavy blankets or clothing.

Inspite of above precaution, if you or someone feels following sign & symptoms seek the medical help immediately:

  • Fainting
  • Throbbing headache
  • Dizziness and light-headedness
  • Lack of sweating despite the heat
  • Red, hot, and dry skin
  • Muscle weakness or cramps
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Rapid heartbeat, which may be either strong or weak
  • Rapid, shallow breathing
  • Behavioural changes such as confusion, disorientation, or staggering
  • Seizures
  • Unconsciousness


First Aid for Heat Stroke or Heat emergencies:

If you suspect that someone has heat emergencies or above mentioned sign & symptoms, immediately call  Ambulance service  or transport the person to a hospital. Any delay seeking medical help can be fatal.

While waiting for the paramedics to arrive, initiate first aid.

  • Move the person to an air-conditioned environment -- or at least a cool, shady area -- and remove any unnecessary clothing.
  • Fan air over the patient while wetting his or her skin with water from a sponge or garden hose.
  • Keep the patient in a shower.
  • If patient is fully conscious (oriented for time, place and person) then & that only give small quantity of fluid to drink frequently. ( Remember patient should not drink large quantity of fluid in a single attempt)

  • PUBLISHED DATE : Jun 06, 2016
  • PUBLISHED BY : Zahid
  • CREATED / VALIDATED BY : Dr. Eswara Das
  • LAST UPDATED ON : Jun 06, 2016


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