Lisan-al- Thawr/ Saqil-ul- Hammam (Onosma bracteatum W./ Borago officinalis L.)
Lisan-al- Thawr (Onosma bracteatum Wall. or Borago officinalis Linn.) is a medium sized perennial herb with stems many, arising from a persistent cluster of basal leaves approximately 50 cm long; basal leaves lanceolate, entire, acute, narrowed towards the base into a winged petiole, middle cauline leaves lanceolate, sessile, entire, acute, rounded at the base, 6-8 cm by 1-2.7 cm; inflorescence of terminal glomerate clusters very dense, 4-10 cm broad in flowers, later becoming lax showing the crowded densely flowered forked individual cymes; bracts hairy lanceolate; calyx divided to the base, lobes linear-lanceolate, 15-18 mm long, corolla blue or purple, usually shorter, sometimes equalling the calyx, 13-17 mm; nutlets grey, angulate, coarsely rugose and tuberculate; 4-5 mm long. Green parts are covered with hairs.
Taste, Odour and Occurrence
Occurrence: It occurs usually in Kashmir and Kumaon region. Sold in local market as medicinal herb. Also cultivated in many countries.
Lisan-al- Thawr (Onosma bracteatum Wall. or Borago officinalis Linn.) belongs to the family Boraginaceae.
The Arabic Names for this herb are “Lisan-al- Thawr” and “Saqil-ul- Hammam”.
The English Names for this herb are “Borage” and “Vipers Bugloss”.
The Urdu Names for this herb is “Gaozaban”.
The Temperament of Lisan-al- Thawr (Onosma bracteatum Wall.) is 1st order, warm and moist.
Pharmacological actions of Lisan-al- Thawr (Onosma bracteatum Wall. or Borago officinalis Linn.) are Alterative, Anti-pyretic, Alexipharmic, Aphrodisiac, Anti-spasmodic, Diuretic, Demulcent, Refrigerant and Tonic.
The indications of plant are Fever, Bronchitis, Thirst, Asthma, Hypochondriasis, Palpitation, Syphilis, Gonorrhoea, Kidney Ailments, Rheumatism, Leprosy, Bladder Irritation, Stomach Irritation, Spasmolytic and Strangury.
No Contra Indication information is available for Lisan-al- Thawr (Onosma bracteatum Wall.).
Lisan-al- Thawr (Onosma bracteatum Wall. or Borago officinalis Linn.) is used in following compound preparations like,
Warning and Precautions
It is described as harmful for spleen (if large doses are taken or used for long-term).