Description of dengue as Dandaka Jwara is found in the parishishta chapter of Madhava Nidana.It has been described that a particular species of mosquito is the basic cause of spread of fever called Dandaka jvara. This fever mostly subsides within a week, however, it is said to be more dangerous for the children and old people.
Premonitory symptoms (purvarupa)
Feeling of breaking of bones, weakness, dyspepsia, tastelessness of food are the premonitory symptoms of dandaka jwara.
Severe breaking pain in bone and joints as if some one has been beaten by stick. Reddish or purpuric rashes on the body, fleeting/shifting joint pain associated with swelling may occur. High temperature of 103 to 105 degrees F. may occur which gets subsided and may relapse again within three to four days. On 8th day, it subsides on its own..During fever, pulse is not proportionately as fast as it should be with fever . Symptoms of common cold (Pratishyaya) cough, and throat pain are also common symptoms of dandaka jwara which becomes endemic due to virulence of kapha and vata dosha.
Although there is no specific treatment for disease, Ayurveda stresses to strengthen immune system of the body and keeping a control on hyperthermia.
Amrita (Guduchi)Tulasi(Holi basil) Shunthi(Dried ginger)Papaya are the commonly available medicinal plants and used to prevent its complications by potentiating immune system so that disease gets controlled within a period of 4to 8 days.
Diet During Dandaka jvara
Rice gruel (Kanji),Rice porridge (khichari) cooked with ginger and lemon is useful.
Tea prepared with Tulasi, Ginger and cardamom may be taken at two hourly interval.
Spicy and Oily food should be strictly avoided.
AYURVEDIC TREATMENT FOR DANDAKA JWARA :-
Common plants used in Dengue Fever